#102 Bridge of Sigkouna


It is an arched stone bridge that is located 1300m from the bridge of Raftani between the villages of Christi and Kipina. It is parallel to the new Belley roadway bridge and near the building of the Public Electricity Enterprise.


Construction characteristics


It is an arched stone bridge with a semi-circular arc with a width of 1.77m and a length of 10.20m that is located 1300m from the bridge of Raftani between the villages of Christi and Kipina.


Its deck is flat and has a length of 21.40m and is 11.20m above the water surface. The arc is made of schistose sandstone plates that are 10-15cm thick. The total height of the structure is 6m. The arc has is 60cm wide on both sides. There is a second arc around the main one that is 50cm wide.


Maintenance work was done to the bridge during which a protective parapet was added.


Additional historical, cultural and touristic data



It is considered, together with Syrrako, one of the most beautiful traditional settlements of our country. It has lots of sites of historical, cultural and folkloric value as well as of naturalistic interest.  The settlement is amphitheatrically situated on a slope of Mt Peristeri at an altitude of 1150m and below passage of Mparos and is about 57km from Ioannina.

All the buildings of the village are made of grey stone. It has many paths, a big square and the structure of the settlement follows the general standard of the mountain villages of Epirus. The thing that makes Kalarrytes stand from the typical mountain village is that the village’s church is located a bit remote from its center.


On your way to Kalarrytes you will find one of the oldest settlements of the area, the settlement of Christi that is located on the road that the caravans that went to Thessaly used and you will also find the impressive priory of Kipina, which is built in a cave of a cliff, right before reaching the village.

This picturesque village used to be in the past and mostly during the Ottoman Rule a great trading center and in the middle of the 17th century it become an major center for exports that created merchant houses in big European cities like Trieste and Livorno. The village was destroyed in 1881 by Turkish troops.


The residents of the area were preoccupied with many professions in which they excelled. The mastery of the profession of the goldsmith was their strong point that made the settlement of Kalarrytes the second biggest center of goldsmithing in Greece. The first was Ioannina.

George Mpalafas and Athanasios Tzimouris were the village’s most famous artists, who worked in the Ionian Islands after the destruction of Kalarrytes in 1881 and created numerous religious artworks.

Other occupations of the residents of the settlement were farming, crafts, commerce, weaving. They were famous gold embroiderers and painters of religious artworks.


We will find, in this beautiful village, many stone built buildings and other public facilities. The architecture of the village mansions is unique. Some examples are the houses of Fasoulas, of Kostadimas, of Mpazakas, of Golfinopoulos of Patounis, of Rafanis and so many other houses that decorate the Wallach village of Tzoumerka. The church of St Nicolaus (1480), a basilica with three aisles and a very tall dome and impressive belfry is also very impressive. The church was built in the 15th century and was dedicated to St Nicolaus. There are two chapels that are located on the two side aisles respectively. The church has inside religious items that are characteristic samples of metalwork made by craftsmen from Kalarrytes.


The threshing fields, the watermills located in Mpaikousi and the ruined mill next to the bridge of Chrousia, the stone built faucets Goura, which is located in the center of the village, and Parashi that is located under a dome, the faucets Tzamina and Tsora and the many stone bridges that are scattered around on the streams of the village are worth visiting sites of the area.

Those that are interested in the history of the region can visit Avatos, the place where the remains of the ancient wall and the cemetery of cist tombs can be found.


You can find landscapes of outstanding beauty in the Chrousia ravine between the villages of Syrrako and Kalarrytes in Mt Peristeri and in the ravine on the upper side of the Kalarrytikos River between the villages of Kalarrytes and Matsouki.

There is, for the hiking lovers, a path from Kalarrytes, which is carved on the rocks, that starts at St Christoforos church, descends to the stone bridge of Karlimpos and ascends to the priory of Vyliza and ends in Matsouki after two hours of hiking. Another path, which is harder to climb, leads from the village to the faucet of Vlahodimas Nikoultsas and to the mountain passage of Mparos (alt 2100m) after two and a half hours of hiking.

You can sleep over at the hostel of Kalarrytes where good food is served too.


Imprinting figures


Directions: It is located 1300m from the bridge of Raftani between the villages of Christi and Kipina. It is parallel to the new Belley roadway bridge and near the building of the Public Electricity Enterprise.


Regional Unit: Ioannina



Community: Christi



River: Kalarrytikos River-Melissourgiotiko Stream


Coordinates: N39 33 '42.82” E21 06 '32.94”


Altitude: 1300m


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